Footnotes

1Will D. Campbell, The Glad River (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1982), 107.

2Timothy George and David S. Dockery, eds., Baptist Theologians (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1990), 13.

3William L. Lumpkin, ed., Baptist Confessions of Faith (Valley Forge: Judson Press, 1959), 244.

4Michael Watts, The Dissenters (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978), 83.

5Henry Sacheverell, The Perils of False Brethren (London, 1709), 36.

6David Benedict, Fifty Years Among the Baptists (New York: Sheldon and Co., 1860), 93-94.

7Francis Wayland, The Principles and Practices of Baptist Churches (London: J. Heaton and Son, 1861), 15-16.

8George H. Shiver, ed., American Religious Heretics (Nashville: Abingdon, 1966), 56-88.

9James M. Frost, Baptist Why and Why Not (Nashville: Sunday School Board, 1900).

10See the classic statement by James P. Boyce in his “Three Changes in Theological Institutions,” in Timothy George, ed., James Petigru Boyce: Selected Writings (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1989), 48-59.

11Thus by the end of his life in 1921 A.H. Strong, a moderate throughout his career, had sided with the Fundamentalists in their dispute with Modernism. Lamenting “some common theological trends of our time,” Strong warned: “Under the influence of Ritchl and his Kantian relativism, many of our teachers and preachers have swung off into a practical denial of Christ’s deity and of His atonement. We seem upon the verge of a second Unitarian defection, that will break up churches and compel secessions, in a worse manner than did that of Channing and Ware a century ago. American Christianity recovered from that disaster only by vigorously asserting the authority of Christ and the inspiration of the Scriptures. . . . Without a revival of this faith our churches will become secularized, mission enterprise will die out, and the candlestick will be removed out of its place as it was with the seven churches of Asia, and as it has been with the apostate churches of New England.” Systematic Theology (Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press, 1907), ix.

12For an analysis of the SBC controversy along these lines, see Timothy George, “Toward an Evangelical Future,” in Southern Baptists Observed: Multiple Perspectives on a Changing Denomination, ed. Nancy T. Ammerman (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1993), 276-300.

13Robert A. Baker, ed., A Baptist Source Book (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1966), 116.

14H. Leon McBeth, The Baptist Heritage (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1987), 68.

15W. L. Lumpkin, ed., Baptist Confessions of Faith (Valley Forge: Judson Press, 1959), 326.

16Cf. the reaction of an SBC agency head to the press’ dubbing of Jimmy Carter as a “Southern Baptist evangelical” during the 1976 presidential campaign: “We are not evangelicals. That’s a Yankee word. They want to claim us because we are big and successful and growing every year. But we have our own traditions, our own hymns and more students in our seminaries than they have in all of theirs put together.” Quote in Kenneth L. Woodward et.al. “Born Again! The Year of the Evangelicals,” Newsweek (October 25, 1976), 76. Early on in the SBC controversy, two Baptist historians, E. Glenn Hinson and James Leo Garrett, Jr. engaged in a scholarly debate over the question, “Are Southern Baptists Evangelicals?” Garrett, who answered in the affirmative, presented a much more credible historical analysis than Hinson. It is only fair to admit, however, that Hinson did represent a libertarian subculture within Southern Baptist life whose forebears would not want to be classified as evangelicals. See James Leo Garrett, Jr., E. Glenn Hinson, James E. Tull, Are Southern Baptists “Evangelicals”? (Macon: Mercer University Press, 1983).

17David Benedict, A General History of the Baptist Denomination in America (Boston: Lincoln and Edmands, 1813) 2:456.

18George, ed., Boyce, 33.

19Quoted, Thomas J. Nettles, By His Grace and For His Glory (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1986), 50.

20James B. Taylor, Memoir of Rev. Luther Rice, One of the First American Missionaries to the East (Baltimore: Armstrong and Berry, 1840), 332-333.

21See Timothy George, “The Reformed Doctrine of Believer’s Baptism,” Interpretation 47 (1993), 242-254.