1 Some of this material is taken from his 1997 doctoral dissertation, “The Practical Ecclesiology of the English Particular Baptists, 1675-1705: The Doctrine of the Church in the Second London Baptist Confession as Implemented in the Subscribing Churches.”

2 Cf. Christopher Hill, “Puritans and ‘the Dark Corners of the Land,'” in Change and Continuity in 17th-Century England, rev. ed. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991), 3-47. Hill demonstrates that a concern for the spread of the Gospel (and its attendant influences) was a significant concern among leading Puritans in the first half of the seventeenth century.

3 This is the title most commonly given to the 17th century Calvinistic Baptists.

4 W. T. Whitley, “The Baptist Interest under George I,” Transactions of the Baptist Historical Society 2 (1910-11): 95-109. Whitley based his statistics on a document known as the “Evans Manuscript,” supplementing it at several points. The Evans Manuscript is held at Dr. William’s Library in London. It was an attempt to list “every Presbyterian, Independent, and Baptist congregation in England and Wales” in the period 1715-18. A detailed analysis of its statistics is found in Michael Watts, The Dissenters (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1978), 267-89, and in the Appendix, 491-510. The quote is from Watts, 268.

5 Watts, The Dissenters, 504.

6 Cited from the Ilston Church Book by B. R. White, “John Miles and the Structures of the Calvinistic Baptist Mission to South Wales, 1649-1660,” in Mansel John, ed., Welsh Baptist Studies (Llandysul: The South Wales Baptist College, 1976), 36; See also B. G. Owens, ed., The Ilston Book: Earliest Register of Welsh Baptists (Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales, 1996), 32; Henry Melville King, Rev. John Myles and the Founding of the First Baptist Church in Massachusetts (Providence, RI: Preston & Rounds, Co. 1905); Joshua Thomas, “The Histories of Four Welsh Baptist Churches c. 1633-1770,” in Carroll C. and Willard A. Ramsey, The American Baptist Heritage in Wales (Gallatin, TN: Church History Research and Archives, 1976), 40-66.

7 White, “John Miles,” 37.

8 i.e. association.

9 White, “John Miles,” 40; White, Association Records of the Particular Baptists (London: The Baptist Historical Society, 1971), 3-4.

10 White, “John Miles,” 36.

11 Ernest A. Payne, “Thomas Tillam,” BQ 17:2, (April 1957): 61-66; David Douglas, History of the Baptist Churches in the North of England, from 1648 to 1845 (London: Houlston and Stoneman, 1846), 8-69; E. B. Underhill, Records of the Churches of Christ, Gathered at Fenstanton, Warboys, and Hexham. 1644-1720 (London: Hanserd Knollys Society, 1854), 289-96. Tillam used the phrase “dark corner” in the first entry to the Hexham records, and the church, in a letter sent to Knollys’ assembly in London, used the full phrase five months later, 289, 304.

12 Underhill, Records, 304; Payne, “Thomas Tillam,” 61. On the “Committee” see Hill, “Puritans and the Dark Corners,” 32-44.

13 Underhill, Records, 289.

14 [Benjamin Keach], The Gospel Minister’s Maintenance Vindicated (London: John Harris, 1689), 92-96; cf. Keach, Exposition of the Parables: Series Two (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1991 reprint), 362-63, where he likened ministers to “planters” whose fruit is to be “planted in a visible church of Christ.”

15 Peter Wortley, transcriber, “Church Record Book, Volume One 1670-1715″ (Bromsgrove: Bromsgrove Baptist Church and The Baptist Historical Society, 1974), 51.

16 W. T. Whitley, Baptists of North-West England, 1649-1913 (London: The Kingsgate Press, 1913), 76. See also Frederick Overend, History of the Ebenezer Baptist Church Bacup (London: The Kingsgate Press, 1912), 71.

17 A Narrative of the Proceedings of the General Assembly (London: 1689), 12.

18 A Narrative of the Proceedings of the General Assembly (London: 1690), 4-5, emphasis in original.

19 Murdina MacDonald, “London Calvinistic Baptists 1689-1727: Tension Within a Dissenting Community Under Toleration,” Oxford D.Phil. thesis, 1982, 42.

20 In the 1689 Narrative, this point is explicit. They mourned the financial neglect of ministers who must be “so incumbred with Worldly Affairs, that they are not able to perform the Duties of their Holy Calling, in preaching the Gospel . . . .” 1689 Narrative, 5.

21 William Lumpkin, Baptist Confessions of Faith (Valley Forge: Judson Press, 1969), 165.

22 Ibid., 163-64.

23 A Confession of Faith: Put Forth by the Elders and Brethren of Many Congregations of Christians (London: Benjamin Harris, 1677), 87-88. While usually referred to as the 1689 Confession, it was originally published in 1677.