IN the Preface to the "Manual of Theology," published last year, it was said:--"This volume
contains nothing respecting the externals of religion. The form of godliness is important, as well
as its power, and the doctrine respecting it is a component part of the Christian system; but I have
been unable to include it in the present work." The defect here acknowledged, the following
treatise on Church Order, including the ceremonies of Christianity, is intended in part to supply.
In all religious investigations, the Holy Scriptures are our chief source of knowledge. This is
especially true in regard to positive institutes, which derive all their obligation from the revealed
will of the lawgiver. The present work, therefore, relies wholly on the Bible for proof of its
positions, so far as they relate to subjects on which the Bible professes to give instruction. But the
volume of inspiration was not given to teach us the meaning of words, or the facts of ecclesiastical
history after the times of the apostles. When these subjects come under investigation, I have made
such reference to human authority as the case seemed to require. It has been my aim, however, so
to lay the facts before the mind of the reader, as to give full scope for the exercise of private
judgment, and a consciousness that he is not bowing to the decisions of any fallible master.
In most of the investigations attempted in these pages, the sacred volume sheds its light on our
path, and enables us to tread the way with confidence; but, at a few points, the light seems to
shine with less clearness. Here, the inquiry becomes appropriate, whether the very silence of
Scripture is not instructive? We may infer that whatever is not clearly revealed, must be of less
importance; and that difference of judgment respecting it ought not to divide the people of God.
The objections and opposing arguments which this work encounters, are such as appear to me
most likely to embarrass an inquirer. They are generally expressed in my own language; but, in the
discussions on baptism, I am in a few instances indebted for the language, as well as the thoughts,
to the Lectures of Dr. Woods. In controverting the opinions of Baptist authors, I have, in some
instances, thought it best to present these opinions in the form of direct quotation.
The preparation of this treatise has yielded less religious enjoyment to the Author, than was
experienced in writing the "Manual." The subject has less to do with the heart, and furnished
fewer occasions for those emotions in which religious enjoyment consists. But the work has been
prosecuted under a calm conviction of duty; and if it shall tend to produce, in those who read it, a
scrupulous adherence to the precepts of Christ, with expansive love to all who bear his image, the
Author's labor will not be in vain. With a hope that it may contribute somewhat to this result, it is
commended to the blessing of him whose will it attempts to unfold.
Gratitude requires that I should acknowledge my obligations to the Rev. G. W. Samson, of
Washington City, and the Rev. A. M. Poindexter, of Richmond, Va. These brethren have kindly
made suggestions, from which the work has received valuable improvements; and Mr. Samson
has directly contributed the chief article in the Appendix.
July 31, 1858.