Secularism and the Absurdity of Neutrality
There is a lot of talk about facts these days. Everyone seems to think that the facts are on their side. We have been introduced to the idea of alternative facts. Ben Shapiro is famous for stating that facts don’t care about our feelings. We like to think that we let the facts speak for themselves in the decisions we make. When presented with two opposing viewpoints, the way we tend to think about which viewpoint is correct is by determining which viewpoint has the most evidence to support its claims. Which side is supported by the “Facts”? However, this is not how people tend to determine what is and is not true. At least, not when it comes to the big issues in life. The fact of the matter is, people do not believe things because the facts demand it. People believe things because their worldview demands it. This is because people who hold to different worldviews interpret the facts differently.
When defending the Christian religion against the ideologies of secularism and paganism, it can be tempting to seek common ground with the critic of Christianity. We think that if both the Christian and the critic come to a neutral position, then the evidence for and against Christianity can be measured and evaluated in a non-biased and reasonable manner, thus proving to the critic the truths of Christianity in a manner which is satisfactory to him.
The problems with this apologetic approach are manifold.
The Neutrality Deception
We must understand that both the unbeliever and the Christian are operating according to their respective worldviews. The Christian worldview demands that truth is objective, can be known, and is determined by a Creator God who has revealed Himself in nature and in Scripture. The secularist is operating by one of the multitudinous variations of the unbelieving worldview. A worldview can be known, and is determined by its ultimate, final standard for truth. In other words, the final standard which a person appeals to in order to determine what is true and what is false, reveals their worldview.
In the Christian worldview, the ultimate standard by which truth and reality are known is God Himself. He created all things, knows all things, and He has revealed some of this knowledge to us in nature and in the Holy Bible. When presented with a truth claim, the Christian is obligated to measure that truth claim by God’s clear revelation. This doesn’t rule out the use of reason or sense perception, but the uses of those tools must finally be justified by the Bible.
This is not so for the secularist. His final authority or standard for knowing truth is reason, empiricism, intuition, feelings, or some other standard which finds its terminus in himself.
When the Christian and secularist discuss their respective beliefs, it generally (and unfortunately) happens like this: the Christian will present evidence to the secularist which supports his own view, and the secularist will do the same. The problem arises however, when both the secularist and the Christian see, understand, and interpret the evidence in different ways because of their different worldviews. This evidence is interpreted to support each person’s respective worldview.
For instance, the Christian may say to the secularist, “Christianity is true because it can be historically verified that Jesus of Nazareth rose from the dead.” The secularist is predisposed to be skeptical of this claim (as was the case with Hume) because his worldview does not allow for the resurrection of the dead. However, let’s say that the secularist has indeed been convinced, by historical analysis that Jesus was crucified and exited the tomb three days later. Success! He has accepted the resurrection of Christ, all that is left now is the recitation of the sinner’s prayer and he is on his way to glory. Not so fast. The secularist has been convinced of the resurrection, but his worldview does not demand that he understand the resurrection in the same way that the Christian religion does. Maybe, Christ had merely fainted for three days and the disciples revived him? Maybe he was actually dead and came back to life? The secularist need not acknowledge the deity of Christ or the truthfulness of his teachings. All he needs to acknowledge is that 2,000 years ago, a natural aberration took place and a man came back to life. Though experience and biology seem to work against this claim, there must be something about nature which we don’t yet understand that makes this possible. Jesus himself makes this point (Luke 16:31).
The secularist has been given evidence, he has accepted the evidence, yet he has interpreted it in a way that supports his own worldview. Christians do this as well when presented with the evidence for secularism. For instance, we don’t see natural selection as evidence which supports macro-evolution, we see it as the wonderful way in which God has ensured different species adapt and survive.
Because the mere presentation of evidence does not convince a person, we often think the solution is to step away from our worldviews and to step into a neutral position which we can both agree upon in order to measure and understand the evidence in the same way. Then, when the evidence supports one position over another, we can both agree on which worldview is correct and which is false. Our neutrality brings an objectivity to our discussion and analysis that would not otherwise be achievable. Christians become neutral when they disregard arguments for Christianity that are based in the Bible and an assumption of its truthfulness, and the secularist becomes neutral when he no longer simply assumes that the supernatural does not exist.
The Absurdity of Neutrality
The problem with this method is that, while neutrality sounds good in theory, it cannot actually be achieved. When we say that we should suspend our own worldviews we are suspending them in order to assume a different worldview, i.e. the neutral worldview. This neutral worldview has its own ultimate authority or standard for determining truth as all worldviews do. If it does not have a different standard, it is identical to the worldview which shares its final authority. This of course, would bring us back to square one, and our neutral position would not be neutral at all, rather, it would be the same as one of the two conflicting worldviews wearing a clever disguise. Usually the neutral worldview is merely secularism with makeup on. So, in order for the neutral worldview to actually be neutral, it must possess a distinct final authority from either the secularist worldview or the Christian worldview.
For instance, a secularist who utilizes reason as his ultimate authority (rationalism) cannot invite the Christian to a neutral position in which reason is the ultimate authority because that is his own worldview, it is not neutral at all.
If, we were to use a neutral worldview (with an altogether different ultimate authority) in order to determine whether the evidence supports the secularist or the Christian worldviews, then we would be assuming that the neutral worldview, with its attendant final authority (reason, empiricism, revelation, muh feels, etc.) is sufficient and able to measure the evidence and determine its truthfulness. If the neutral worldview shows one of the “non-neutral” worldviews to be correct, then it must itself be incorrect since it has a final authority in opposition to the final authority of the correct worldview. If the neutral worldview is not correct, then it is in no position to determine which worldview is.
However, if the neutral worldview shows both the secular and the Christian worldviews to be false, then it has shown itself to be correct. If the neutral worldview is correct over against the false worldviews of secularism and Christianity, then it, by definition, cannot be a neutral worldview. It is instead a worldview in opposition which evaluates evidence differently than both Christianity and secularism. “Neutrality” is not neutral.
There is no such thing as a neutral position when it comes to arguing for the truths of the Christian faith. We are either holding to the Word of God as our final and supreme authority, our standard by which we measure all truth claims and ideologies, or, we have abandoned that standard for something which is insufficient to show the truth necessary to believe in the God who has created this world.
Secularism is not Neutral
Christians and secularists alike tend to think of secularism as the inherently neutral position. Among all the other worldviews, secularism is perceived as non-religious, therefore, it is in the unique position of being above the other worldviews, having a neutral, non-religious outlook on the world. Furthermore, secularism looks to science and reason and empirical data to determine what is true. Both Christians and secularists agree that all of these are important standards for measuring truth. Where Christians differ from secularists is in the priority that they give these standards. They are all valid, provided they find their ultimate basis in the revelation of God.
Because of secularism’s perceived neutrality, Christians commonly deal with it as such. We all too easily fall into the trap of abandoning our own worldview, adopting the secularist “neutral” worldview, and arguing for the truths of the Christian religion within a framework which precludes it, giving arguments and evidences based solely upon human reason, without reference to the Bible. When we do this, we give up our most powerful tool in combating secularism, that is, the Christian religion, and we fall prey to the deception that neutrality is a possibility.
Instead, we should rest securely on the Word of God as our final standard and show secularism, and any other unbelieving worldview to be the internally incoherent system that it is.